There are disparities in physical activity and academic achievement among urban minority school-aged children, and improving physical activity and fitness in schools, especially through active transportation to school, could be a strategy for improving academic achievement among this group.
- School-based physical education programs have been shown to improve physical activity and fitness.
- Physical activity and fitness have a positive effect on the brain and cognition which could improve learning.
- Therefore, increasing opportunities for physical activity in schools could improve academic achievement among youth who are less active, including minority youth.
- Active transportation to school may be a good way to increase physical activity among low-income, minority youth.
- This study is a literature review of connections between physical activity and academic achievement and approaches for increasing physical activity and fitness through school environments, with a particular focus among urban minority youth populations.